This is a 13.5-15 cm long bird, slightly smaller than the Skylark. The Woodlark is mainly brown above and pale below, but with distinctive white superciliar meeting on the nape. It has a crest which is quite small and at most times inconspicuous. In flight it shows a short tail and short broad wings. The tail is tipped with white, but unlike the Skylark, the tail sides and the rear edge of the wings are not edged with white.
Habitat and Distribution
Found mainly in Europe, the mountains of northern Africa and eastern Asia, the Woodlark is present across much of its range. In Europe, the bird seems most at home in the sandy heaths of Belgium The extent of the Woodlark's range is England in the west, parts of northern Egypt, Iran and Turkmenistan to the east and Scandinavian Peninsula. The bird 's habitat is heathland and open spaces with trees. They prefer clearings in pine forests and heathland and like newly planted areas with pine saplings.
The Woodlark is primarily vegetarian as an adult but during the breeding season will also eat medium-sized insects. The diet is mainly composed of seeds and such insects as beetles, flies and moths.
The nest is made from grass, bracken, roots and moss and constructed in a depression on the ground. Usually between 3 and 5 eggs are laid. The female will incubate the eggs, which are whitish with brown speckles, for 13 to 15 days. Both parents will then feed the young in the nest and the chicks leave the nest after a further 11 to 13 days. Two broods will normally be raised each year.
Calls and Songs
The Woodlark has a melodious, warbling song often described onomatopoeically as a 'lu-lu-lu-' or, more precisely, as a `serial 'l?-l?-l?-l?-l?-', 'toolooeet toolooeet toolooeet'`.