The Wood Warbler is 11-12.5 cm long, and a typical leaf warbler in appearance, green above and white below with a lemon-yellow breast. It can be distinguished from similar species, like the Chiffchaff P. collybita and the Willow Warbler, P. trochilus by its yellow supercilium, throat and upper breast, pale tertial edges, longer primary projection, and by its shorter but broader tail.
Habitat and Distribution
This warbler breeds throughout northern and temperate Europe, and west of Asia in the southern Ural Mountains. It is strongly migratory and the entire population winters in tropical Africa.It is a summer visitor to the United Kingdom, seen from April until August. Their habitat is shady mature woodlands, such as beech and sessile oak, with some sparse ground cover for nesting.
The Wood Warbler is insectivorous.
They buid a dome-shaped nest near the ground in low shrub. 6 or 7 eggs are laid in May; there may be a second brood.
Calls and Songs
It has two song types,a high-pitched fluid metallic trill of increasing tempo pit-pit-pitpitpitpt-t-t-ttt, lasting 2-3 seconds, and a series of 3 to 5 piping notes of lower pitch pi??-pi??-pi??. The contact call is a soft piping note.