Wild Turkeys are very large, plump birds with long legs, wide, rounded tails, and a small head on a long, slim neck. They are blackish and dark brown overall with a bronze-green iridescence to most of their plumage. Their wings are dark, boldly barred with white. Their rump and tail feathers are broadly tipped with rusty or white. The bare skin of the head and neck varies from red to blue to grey. Males measure 100-125cm and weigh 5 to 11 kg, the female is at 2.5 to 5.4 kg and 76 to 95 cm in length.

Habitat and Distribution

The Wild Turkey is native to North America. Wild Turkeys live in mature forests, particularly nut trees such as oak, hickory, or beech, interspersed with edges and fields.


Turkeys travel in flocks and search on the ground for nuts, berries, insects, and snails. They use their strong feet to scratch leaf litter out of the way.


It is the females that look for nest cites. The nests are shallow dirt depressions engulfed with woody vegetation. Hens lay a clutch of 10 to 14 eggs, usually one per day. The eggs are incubated for at least 28 days.

Calls and Songs

Turkeys have many vocalizations: gobbles, clucks, putts, purrs, yelps, cutts, whines, cackles, and kee-kees.