White-throated Sparrows measure 15 to 19 cm (5.9 to 7.5 in)length with a wingspan of 23 cm (9 in). Typical weight is 22 to 32 g. There are two adult plumage variations known as the tan-striped and white-striped forms. On the white-striped form the crown is black with a white central stripe and white supercilium. The auriculars are gray with the upper edge forming a black eye line. On the tan form, the crown is dark brown with a tan central stripe. The supercilium is tan as well. The auriculars are gray/light brown with the upper edge forming a brown eye line. Both variations feature dark eyes, a white throat, yellow lores.

Habitat and Distribution

White-throated Sparrows breed in central Canada and New England. In winter, they migrate to the southern and eastern USA. It stays year round in the atlantic provinces of Canada. This bird is a rare vagrant to western Europe.


These birds forage on the ground under or near thickets or in low vegetation. They mainly eat seeds, insects and berries, and are attracted to bird feeders.


They nest either on the ground under shrubs or low in trees in deciduous or mixed forest areas and lay 3-5 brown-marked blue or green-white eggs.

Calls and Songs

Their flight call is a lisping tseep, another call is a sharp pink. The song is described with the cadence of Po-or Sam Peabody, Peabody, Peabody (or O-oh sweet Canada, Canada, Canada).