It is rather small for a bustard, 48 to 61 centimetres (19 to 24 in) long. All are tawny brown above and on the breast and white on the belly, with cream-coloured legs; juveniles have light brown necks and heads, and adults have blue-grey necks. The adult female has a grey crown, a brown and buff line below the eye, and black speckling on the throat. The adult male has a black crown, black lines on the white cheeks, a black throat patch, and a pinkish-red bill. This species is usually seen in pairs or family groups, as young stay with their parents much longer than those of other bustards in the region.


Habitat and Distribution

It is widespread in sub-Saharan Africa in grassland and open woodland habitats.


Calls and Songs

The call, often given in the early morning and late evening, has been described as `a very loud, guttural k'whuka WHUKa, k'wuka WHUKa..., or k'warrak, k'warrak?