This is a small pipit, which resembles Meadow Pipit. It is an undistinguished-looking species, streaked brown above and with black markings on a white belly and buff breast below. It can be distinguished from the slightly smaller Meadow Pipit by its heavier bill and greater contrast between its buff breast and white belly. Tree Pipits more readily perch in trees.
Habitat and Distribution
The Tree pipit breeds across most of Europe and temperate western and central Asia. It is a long-distance migrant moving in winter to Africa and southern Asia. They breed in habitats with a wooded component, including Lowland heath and coppice. They are occur in open birch woodland on the boundary with moorland, or open structured oak woodland. They prefer low canopy medium-sized trees. They like a mosaic of grass and bracken, but not very grazed short turf.
This species is insectivorous, like its relatives, but will also take seeds.
The nest is on the ground, with 4-8 eggs being laid.
Calls and Songs
The call is a strong spek, unlike the weak call of its relative. The song flight is unmistakable. The bird rises a short distance up from a tree, and then parachutes down on stiff wings, the song becoming drawn out towards the end.