The speckled pigeon (Columba guinea), or (African) rock pigeon is a large pigeon at 41 cm in length. Its back and wings are rufous, the latter heavily speckled with white spots. The rest of the upperparts and underparts are blue-grey, and the head is grey with red patches around the eye. The neck is brownish, streaked with white, and the legs are red. Sexes are similar, but immatures are browner than adults.

Habitat and Distribution

The speckled pigeon is a resident breeding bird in much of Africa south of the Sahara. It is a common and widespread species in open habitats over much of its range, although there are sizable gaps in its distribution. The speckled pigeon is frequently seen around human habitation and cultivation


Most of its food is vegetable, and it gathers in large numbers where grain or groundnuts are available.


This species builds a large stick nest in a tree and lays two white eggs. Its flight is quick, with regular beats and an occasional sharp flick of the wings that are characteristic of pigeons in general.

Calls and Songs

The call is a loud doo-doo-doo.