The Song Thrush (as represented by the nominate subspecies T. p. philomelos) is 20 to 23.5 cm (8 to 9.25 in) in length and weighs 50-107 g. The sexes are similar, with plain brown backs and neatly black-spotted cream or yellow-buff underparts, becoming paler on the belly. The underwing is warm yellow, the bill is yellowish and the legs and feet are pink. The upperparts of this species become colder in tone from west to east across the breeding range from Sweden to Siberia. The juvenile resembles the adult, but has buff or orange streaks on the back and wing coverts.

Habitat and Distribution

They breed in most of Europe and across the Ukraine and Russia almost to Lake Baikal, reaching to 75deg N in Norway, but only to about 60deg N in Siberia. Birds from Scandinavia, Eastern Europe and Russia winter around the Mediterranean, North Africa and the Middle East.In areas where cropped land has become unsuitable, gardens are an important breeding habitat.


This bird is omnivorous, eating a wide range of invertebrates, such as earthworms and snails, as well as soft fruit and berries.


The female Song Thrush builds a neat cup-shaped nest lined with mud and dry grass in a bush, tree or creeper, or even the ground. She lays four or five bright glossy blue eggs which are lightly spotted with black or purple. Incubation of the eggs is by the female and takes 10-17 days.

Calls and Songs

The Song Thrush has a short, sharp tsip call, replaced on migration by a thin high seep. The alarm call is a chook-chook. The male's song,is a loud, clear filip filip filip codidio codidio quitquiquit tittit tittit tereret tereret tereret, musical phrases.