The Savannah Sparrow, has a sparrow-like dark-streaked brown back, and whitish underparts with brown or blackish breast and flank streaking. It has whitish crown and supercilium(i.e eyebrow) stripes, sometimes with some yellow (more often near the beak). The cheeks are brown and the throat white. The flight feathers are blackish-brown with light brown or white border. The eyes are dark. The feet and legs are horn-colored, as is the lower part of the bill, with the upper part being dark grey.


Habitat and Distribution

This bird breeds in Alaska, Canada, northern, central and Pacific coastal USA, Mexico and Guatemala. The Pacific and Mexican breeders are resident, but other populations are migratory, wintering from the southern United States across Central America and the Caribbean to northern South America. It is a very rare vagrant to western Europe.


Feeding

These birds forage on the ground or in low bushes. They mainly eat seeds, but also eat insects in the breeding season.


Breeding

The female savannah sparrow builds the nest on the ground and lays 2 to 6 eggs whose colour varies from white to light green or blue.


Calls and Songs

The flight call made is a thin seep. Their song is mixture of chirps and trills.