Ring-necked parakeets measure on average 40 cm (16 in) in length including the tail feathers. Their average single wing length is about 15-17.5 cm (5.9-6.9 in). The tail accounts for a large portion of their total length. The Ring-necked parakeet is sexually dimorphic. The adult male sports a red neck-ring and the hen and immature birds of both sexes either show no neck rings, or display shadow-like pale to dark grey neck rings.

Habitat and Distribution

This is a tropical Afro-Asian bird.


In the wild, these birds feed on buds, fruits, vegetables, nuts, berries and seeds. Wild flocks also fly several miles to forage in farmlands and orchards. In India, they feed on cereal grains, and during winter also on pigeon peas.


In north-west India, Indian Ring-necked parakeets form pairs during September to December. During this cold season, they select and defend nesting sites, and thus avoid competition for sites with other birds. Feeding on winter pea crops provides in particular the female with nutrients necessary for egg production. During April to June, they care for their young. Fledgings are ready to leave the nest before monsoon.

Calls and Songs

Both males and females have the ability to mimic human speech.