The adult male is all black except for a white crescent on the breast and a yellowish bill. The wings have a silvery appearance due to white feather edgings. The male sings its loud and mournful song from trees or rocks. The female is similar but duller, and younger birds often lack the breast crescent. The juvenile has brown plumage.


Habitat and Distribution

Ring Ouzels breed in the higher regions of western and central Europe and also in the Caucasus. Most populations are migratory, wintering in the Mediterranean region. It is declining in parts of its range, particularly in Ireland. It is territorial and normally seen alone or in pairs. When not breeding, several birds may also be loosely associated in good feeding areas, such as a fruiting tree, often with other thrushes.


Feeding

The Ring Ouzel is omnivorous, eating a wide range of insects, earthworms, small rodents, reptiles and berries.


Breeding

The Ring Ouzel nests in bushes or amongst rocks, laying several pale blue eggs, mottled with brown, in a neat cup-shaped nest.