Adult Red-legged partridges are sandy-brown above, pinkish-buff on the belly, and pale grey on the breast, with a prominent gorget of black streaking, bold rufous and black flank-bars, a cream throat, pink legs, and a red bill and eye ring. The crown and upper nape of adults are pinkish-brown. The fore crown and lateral edges are pale blue-grey, and the bird has a narrow off-white supercilium. There is a patch of pale buff-brown feathering on the ear-coverts, adjoining the black. The chin and upper throat are creamy-white. The flanks are marked with bold bright rufous-brown bars. The upper parts are plain, unmarked dark sandy-grey.

Habitat and Distribution

This partridge breeds naturally in southwestern Europe, in France and Iberia. It has become naturalised in flat areas of England and Wales, and has been seen breeding as far north as Lancashire and Eastern Yorkshire and the western Isle of Man. It is replaced in southeastern Europe by the very similar Rock Partridge. It is a non-migratory terrestrial species, which forms flocks outside the breeding season.This species breeds on dry lowlands, such as farmland and open stony areas


This is a seed-eating species, but the young in particular take insects as an essential protein supply.


They lay their eggs on a ground nest.

Calls and Songs

The call is a three-syllable ka-chu-chu.