The Prairie Warbler birds have yellow underparts with dark streaks on the flanks, and olive upperparts with rusty streaks on the back; they have a yellow line above the eye, a dark line through it, and a yellow spot below it. These birds have black legs, long tails, pale wing bars, and thin pointed bills. Coloring is duller in female and immatures.

Habitat and Distribution

Their breeding habitats are brushy areas and forest edges in eastern North America. These birds are permanent residents in the southern parts of their range. Other birds migrate to northeastern Mexico and islands in the Caribbean.


Prairie Warblers forage actively on tree branches, and sometimes fly around with the purpose of catching insects, which are the main food source of these birds.


The Prairie Warbler's nests are open cups, which are usually placed in a low area of a tree or shrub.

Calls and Songs

Type A songs - series of ascending buzzy notes. Type B songs - ascending series of whistled notes that often contain some buzzy notes. Their call note repertoire is a tsip call.