The Pacific Wren is rufous brown above, richly colored below, barred with darker brown and dusky, even on wings and tail. The bill is dark brown, the legs pale brown. Young birds are less distinctly barred.

Habitat and Distribution

The Pacific Wren breeds along the Pacific coast from Alaska to California and inland as far as Wyoming and the Black Hills of South Dakota. It migrates through and winters across the western half of the United States and Canada. It nests mostly in coniferous forests, especially those of spruce and fir.


This bird feeds mainly on insects and spiders are its food, but in winter large pupae are taken and some seeds.


The male builds a small number of nests called cock nests which are not lined until the female chooses one to use. They are made of grass, moss, lichens or leaves is tucked into a hole in a wall, tree trunk, crack in a rock or corner of a building. Five to eight white or slightly speckled eggs are laid in April, and second broods are reared.