Appearance: Greenish brown streaked with darker brown above. Supercilium, double wingbar and outer rectrices whitish. Whitish to buff below streaked with dark brown on breast and flanks. Sexes alike. Habits: Seen singly or pairs. Runs about on the ground in search of food and flies up into trees when disturbed. Flight jerky and undulating.


Habitat and Distribution

Summer: from Himalayan Pakistan and India, westward through Nepal, into China, north to Gansu province, and eastwards through Korea to Japan, and north through north Central Asia into north-eastern Europe (European Russia). Occasionally a rare vagrant in western Europe. Breeds up to 4500m in eastern Nepal. Winter: Broad southern region across Asia, from peninsular India, east to southeast Asia and the Philippines. Habitat: Affects open country. Wintering in evergreen woodland, Summers in groves and wooded biotope.


Feeding

Largely insects, but will also take seeds.


Breeding

Season: May to July. Nest: a cup of moss and grass placed on the ground under a tuft of grass or boulder. open woodland and scrub. Eggs: 3-5, usu. 4, dark brown, spotted darker. Usually two broods are raised.


Calls and Songs

Song lark-like and uttered on the wing, similar to the tree pipit, but faster and higher pitched. A single tseep or spek, also similar to the tree pipit.