The tail and the upperparts are coloured dull olive brown. The belly is white and the rest of the underparts have an orange hue. The throat is speckled with white spots. It can reach a length of 24 cm and a mass of at least 101 grams.


Habitat and Distribution

It is a bird of forest and woodland, but has locally adapted to parks and large gardens in suburban areas. t occurs in east African highlands from Eritrea and Ethiopia in north to the Cape of Good Hope in the south.


Feeding

Its diet consists of earthworms, insects, snails, fruits, and spiders.


Breeding

The female builds a cup nest, typically 2 to 9 m above the ground in a tree or hedge. The 1?3 (usually 2) eggs are incubated solely by the female for 14?15 days to hatching, and the chicks fledge in another 16 days.


Calls and Songs

The male's song is a mix of fluted, whistled and trilled phrases, which varies geographically. It occasionally mimics other birds.