Also known as Spotbill, this bird is a dabbling duck. It measures 55 to 63 cm (22 to 25 in) in length and 83 to 95 cm (33 to 37 in) across the wings, with a body mass of 790 to 1,500 g. It is mainly grey with a paler head and neck a black bill tipped bright yellow. The wings are whitish with black flight feathers below, and from above show a white-bordered green speculum and white tertials. Only the male has a red spot on the base of the bill. Juvelines are browner and duller than adults.This duck is around the same size as the Mallard.

Habitat and Distribution

The Spot-billed Duck is resident in the southern part of its range from Pakistan and India to southern Japan, but the northern subspecies, the Eastern Spot-billed Duck, is migratory, wintering in Southeast Asia. It is quite gregarious outside the breeding season and forms small flocks. The northernmost populations have expanded their range northwards by more than 500 km in reaction to global warming. It is a bird of fresh water lakes and marshes.


They feed by dabbling for plant food mainly in the evening or at night.


The Spot-billed Duck nests on the ground in vegetation near water, and lays 8-14 eggs.

Calls and Songs

Both the male and female have calls similar to the Mallard( i.e the Wild Duck)