The Indian Pond Heron appear stocky with a short neck, short thick bill and buff-brown back. In summer, adults have long neck feathers. Its appearance is transformed from their dull colours when they take to flight, when the white of the wings makes them very prominent.

Habitat and Distribution

The Indian Pond Heron is widespread and common, roosting close to human habitation.The bird breeds in southern Iran and east to India, Burma, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. Their feeding habitat is marshy wetlands.


The birds are solitary foragers at garbage heaps, well watered lawns or even dry grassland. They mainly eat crustaceans, aquatic insects, fishes, tadpoles and leeches also insects and fish.


The breeding season is prior to the Monsoons. These birds nest in small colonies, often with other wading birds, usually on platforms of sticks in trees or shrubs. Most nests are built at a height of about 9 to 10 m in large leafy trees. Three to five eggs are laid and they take 18 to 24 days to hatch.

Calls and Songs

They are very silent but may give a harsh croak when flushed or near their nests.