The House Wren is a small and compact bird, with a flat head and fairly long, curved beak. Adults are 11 to 13 cm (4.3 to 5.1 in) long, with a 15 cm (5.9 in) wingspan and weigh about 10 to 12 g. Short-winged, often keeping its longish tail either cocked above the line of the body or slightly drooped. They are brown overall with darker barring on the wings and tail , with a pale eyebrow that is much fainter than in other Wrens.

Habitat and Distribution

This bird occurs from Canada to southernmost South America. In summer, House Wrens are at home in open forests, forest edges, and areas with scattered grass and trees. Backyards, farmyards, and city parks are perfect for them. In winter they become more secretive, preferring brushy tangles, thickets, and hedgerows.


These birds forage actively in vegetation. They mainly eat insects such as butterfly larvae, also spiders and snails.


They make a large cup nest , taking about a week to build. The nest is made from small dry sticks and lined with feathers, hair, wool, spider cocoons, strips of bark, rootlets, moss, and trash. Nest cavities are usually a few meters above ground, but occasionally on cliffs as high up as 15 meters. The clutch size is usually 2 to 8 red-blotched cream-white eggs. Incubation takes 12 to 19 days.

Calls and Songs

Their songs are described as bubbly and energetic.