The Slavonian grebe, also known as the Horned Grebe is a small grebe at 31-38 cm (12-15 in) long with a 46-55 cm (18-22 in) wingspan. Unmistakable in summer, the plumage of both male and female includes a black head with brown puffy earlike tufts along the sides of its face. It shows a deep red neck, scarlet eyes, and a small, straight black bill tipped with white. It rides high in the water.


Habitat and Distribution

They breed in vegetated areas of freshwater lakes across Europe and Asia. It also breeds in remote inland parts of the United States and much of Canada. Most birds migrate in winter to the coast. During this time, this small grebe is mainly white with a sharply defined black cap.


Feeding

It is an excellent swimmer and diver, and pursues its fish prey underwater.


Breeding

Like all grebes, it builds a nest on the water's edge, since its legs are set very far back and it cannot walk well. Usually two eggs are laid, and the striped young are sometimes carried on the adult's back.


Calls and Songs

During breeding, the male's call is heard as an odd, striking series of loud croaks and chattering notes followed by prolonged shrieks.