Adults have streaked brown upperparts with a light brown breast with streaks, a white belly and a white throat. They have a pale stripe on the crown with a dark stripe on each side, an olive face and neck, rust-coloured wings and a short dark forked tail.

Habitat and Distribution

Their breeding habitat is shrubby fields, often wet, in southern Canada, the northeastern United States, and the Midwestern United States. They migrate to marshes and open pine woods in the southeastern United States.


These birds forage on the ground, mainly eating insects and seeds.


The nest is a well-concealed open cup on or close to the ground in a grassy location; these birds often nest in small colonies.

Calls and Songs

Their song is a quick se-lick.