Adult Fox Sparrows are amongst the largest sparrows, heavily spotted and streaked underneath. All feature a messy central breast spot though it is less noticeable on the thick billed and slate-colored varieties. Plumage varies markedly from one group to another.

Habitat and Distribution

The Fox Sparrow bird is an American Sparrow which migrates on the west coast of the United States. They breed in wooded areas across northern Canada and the west coast of North America from Alaska to California.


These birds forage by scratching the ground. They mainly eat seeds and insects, as well as some berries. Coastal fox sparrows may also eat crustaceans.


They nest either in a sheltered location on the ground or low in trees or shrubs. Each nest typically contains two to five pale green to greenish white eggs speckled with reddish browns.