The Greenfinch is 15 cm long with a wing span of 24.5 to 27.5 cm. It is similar in size and shape to a House Sparrow, but is mainly green, with yellow in the wings and tail. The female and young birds are duller and have brown tones on the back. The bill is thick and conical.

Habitat and Distribution

This bird is widespread throughout Europe, north Africa and south west Asia. It is mainly resident, but some northernmost populations migrate further south. The Greenfinch has also been introduced into both Australia and New Zealand. The European Greenfinch favours Woodland edges, farmland hedges and gardens with relatively thick vegetation for breeding.


They feed largely on seeds, but also take berries.


They nest in trees or bushes, laying 3 to 8 eggs.

Calls and Songs

The song contains a lot of trilling twitters interspersed with wheezes, and the male has a `butterfly` display flight.