The 9- to 10.5-cm-long and 6-10 g Eurasian Wren is rufous brown above, greyer beneath, barred with darker brown and grey, even on wings and tail. The bill is dark brown, the legs pale brown. Young birds are less distinctly barred.


Habitat and Distribution

This small, stump-tailed Wren is almost as familiar in Europe as the Robin. It is mouse-like, easily lost sight of when it is hunting for food, but is found everywhere from the tops of the highest moors to the sea coast.In most of northern Europe and Asia, it nests mostly in coniferous forests. It is a bird of the uplands even in winter, vanishing into the heather when snow lies thick above, a troglodyte indeed. It frequents gardens and farms, but it is quite as abundant in thick woods and in reed-beds.


Feeding

For the most part insects and spiders are its food, but in winter large pupae are taken and some seeds. It forages for insects on back and fallen logs.


Breeding

The male Wren builds several nests, up to 6 or 7. These are called `cock nests` but are never lined until the female chooses one to use. The normal round nest of grass, moss, lichens or leaves is tucked into a hole in a wall, tree trunk, crack in a rock or corner of a building, but it is often built in bushes. Five to eight white or slightly speckled eggs are laid in April, and second broods are reared.


Calls and Songs

When this bird is annoyed or excited, its call runs into an emphatic churr. Its song is a gushing burst of sweet music, loud and emphatic.