The Stone Curlew, Eurasian Thick-knee, or Eurasian Stone-curlew (Burhinus oedicnemus) is a northern species of the Burhinidae (stone-curlew) bird family. It is a fairly large wader though is mid-sized by the standards of its family. Length ranges from 38 to 46 cm (15 to 18 in), wingspan from 76 to 88 cm (30 to 35 in) and weight from 290 to 535 g (10.2 to 18.9 oz) with a strong yellow and black beak, large yellow eyes (which give it a `reptilian`, or `goggle-eyed` appearance), and cryptic plumage. The bird is striking in flight, with black and white wing markings. Despite being classed as a wader, this species prefers dry open habitats with some bare ground. It is largely nocturnal.

Habitat and Distribution

The Stone-curlew are found throughout the tropical and temperate parts of the world, with two species found in Australia. Despite the group being classified as waders, most species have a preference for arid or semi-arid habitats. Most species are sedentary, but the Eurasian Stone Curlew is a summer migrant in the temperate European part of its range, wintering in Africa.


Food consists of insects and other small invertebrates, and occasionally small reptiles, frogs and rodents.


It lays 2-3 eggs in a narrow scrape in the ground.

Calls and Songs

It has loud wailing songs, which are reminiscent of that of curlews.