The Skylark is 16 to 18 cm long. The male has broader wings than the female. The Skylark is a rather dull-looking species on the ground, being mainly brown above and paler below. It has a short blunt crest on the head, which can be raised and lowered. In flight it shows a short tail and short broad wings. The tail and the rear edge of the wings are edged with white, the legs are very sturdy.
Habitat and Distribution
This lark breeds across most of Europe and Asia and in the mountains of north Africa. It is mainly resident in the west of its range, but eastern populations are more migratory, moving further south in winter. Even in the milder west of its range, many birds move to lowlands and the coast in winter. Asian birds appear as vagrants in Alaska. It has also been introduced in Hawaii, western North America, eastern Australia and New Zealand. It is a bird of open farmland and heath.
The Skylark has spends much time on the ground foraging for seeds, supplemented with insects in the breeding season.
They make a grass nest on the ground, hidden amongst vegetation. It is sometimes found nesting in bracken, using it for cover. Generally the nests are very difficult to find. Three to six eggs are laid in June. A second or third brood may be started later in the year. The eggs are yellow/white with brownish/purple spots mainly at the large end.
Calls and Songs
The bird is known for the song of the male, which is delivered in hovering flight. The song generally lasts two to three minutes, but it tends to last longer later in the mating season.