Smaller than the Wood Pigeon, similar in length to a Rock Pigeon, the Collared Dove is slimmer and longer-tailed. It is larger than the related Turtle Dove, at 32 cm (13 in) long. The wingspan is 47-55 cm (19-22 in), they weigh 125-240 g. It is grey-buff to pinkish-grey overall, a little darker above than below, with a blue-grey under wing patch. The tail feathers are grey-buff above, and dark grey tipped white below; the outer tail feathers also tipped whitish above. It has a black half-collar edged with white on its nape. The short legs are red and the bill is black. The iris is red, but from a distance the eyes appear to be black. Around the eye is a small area of bare skin, which is either white or yellow.
Habitat and Distribution
The Collared Dove is not migratory, but is strongly dispersive. It breeds close to human habitation wherever food resources are abundant and there are trees for nesting. This bird is native to Asia and Europe, and also recently introduced in North America. ***
They feed on grain (its main food) as well as seeds, shoots and insects. They feed close to human habitation and visit bird tables.
Breeding occurs throughout the year when food is available. Almost all nests are within 1 km of inhabited buildings. The female lays two white eggs in a stick nest, which she incubates during the night and which the male incubates during the day. Incubation lasts between 14 and 18 days.
Calls and Songs
The song is a coo-COO-coo, repeated many times. It also makes a harsh loud screeching call lasting about two seconds, particularly in flight just before landing.