The Eastern Towhee is a kind of large sparrow , with a chunky body and long , rounded tail. Males are striking: bold sooty black above and on the breast, with warm rufous sides and white on the belly. Females have the same pattern, but are rich brown where the males are black.

Habitat and Distribution

Eastern Towhees are found in brush, tangles, thickets, and along forest edges where there to s plenty of leaf litter for the birds to forage in.


They spend most of their time on the ground, scratching at leaves using both feet at the same time, in a kind of backwards hop. Their diet consists of seeds.


They nest either low in bushes or on the ground under shrubs. Egg laying typically occurs until August and clutch sizes range from 2 to 6 eggs.

Calls and Songs

The song is a short Drink your teeeeea lasting around one second, starting with a sharp call (`drink!`) and ending with a short trill `teeeeea`. The name `towhee` is onomatopoeic description of one of the towhee's most common calls, a short two-part call rising in pitch and sometimes also called a `chewink` call.