The Cape penduline tit or southern penduline tit (Anthoscopus minutus) is one of the smallest species of bird found in Africa, at 8 cm (3.1 in) in length, along with its cousins the grey penduline tit and the mouse-coloured penduline tit. They have fine bills with needle-like points. Their wings are short and rounded and their short tails are notched.

Habitat and Distribution

It is found in Angola, Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, and Zimbabwe. Its natural habitats are dry savannah, subtropical or tropical dry shrubland, and Mediterranean-type shrubby vegetation.


Insects form the larger part of the diet of the penduline tits, and they are active foragers. Their long conical bill is used to probe into cracks and prise open holes in order to obtain prey. Nectar, seeds and fruits may also be taken seasonally.


Makes elaborate bag nests hanging from trees (whence `penduline`, hanging), usually over water.