The Canadian Warbler is a small 13cm long songbird. These birds have yellow underparts, blue-grey upperparts and pink legs; they also have yellow eye-rings and thin, pointed bills. Adult males have black foreheads and black necklaces. Females and immatures have faint grey necklaces.
Habitat and Distribution
They breed generally in dense secondary growth forests, red maple swamps or high elevation alpine forests. These forests may be located across Canada, east of the Rockies, and in the eastern United States. These birds migrate to northern South America, and are very rare vagrants to Western Europe.
They forage actively in vegetation or on the ground, and they often catch insects in flight. These birds mainly eat insects. They forage in flocks in their winter habitat.
The female builds the nest on tree stumps, clump of ferns or logs or the ground. After laying the 4 to 5 eggs that are creamy white with brown spots, the female incubates them for about 12 days. Both parents feed the chicks.
Calls and Songs
The song of this bird is loud and highly variable, resembling chip chewy sweet dichetty. Their calls are low chup's.