The Canada Goose is a goose with a black head and neck, white patches on the face, and a brownish-grey body. They are big waterbirds with a long neck, large body, webbed feet and wide, flat bill. There are seven subspecies of this bird, of varying sizes and plumage details. This species ranges from 75 to 110 cm (30 to 43 in) in length and has a 127 to 185 cm (50 to 73 in) wingspan. The male usually weighs 3.2 to 6.5 kg and can be very aggressive in defending territory. The female looks identical but is lighter at 2.5 to 5.5 kg.

Habitat and Distribution

It breeds in Canada and northern U.S in a variety of habitats. They occur in Great Lakes region. Canada Geese occur year-round in the eastern seaboard and the Pacific coast and southern part of their range. In winter they occur in California and South Carolina and northern Mexico. It has increased in urban and suburban areas in recent years.


Their diet consists green vegetation and grains, sometimes insects , grasses and fish. It feeds by grasping a blade of grass with the bill, then tearing it with a jerk of the head.


The Canada Goose 's nest is usually located in an elevated area near water. Its eggs are laid in a shallow depression lined with plant material and down. The female lays from 2 to 9 eggs with an average of five and both parents protect the nest while the eggs incubate, but the female spends more time at the nest than the male. Incubation lasts 24 to 28 days.