California Towhees are essentially large sparrows, with a sparrow to s short, rounded wings, long tail, and thick, seed-cracking beak. They are uniformly matte brown in colour, with a light rust patch under the tail called a crissum which is a warmer ruddy brown. Both sexes are similar. Males average 53,9 g , females average 51,8 g in mass both with a length of 20-25cm (7.9 to 9.8 in). They have a long tail at 8,2 to 11,6 cm in length.

Habitat and Distribution

The California Towhee is native to the coastal regions of western Oregon and California in the United States and Baja California Sur in Mexico. This bird's natural habitat is brush or chaparral, but it adapts well to urban parks and gardens.


The California Towhee feeds on the ground or in low scrub where it prefers a variety of seeds and some insects. It is most often seen traveling or feeding singly or in pairs.


Nests are typically found in low branches or shrubs about 0.5 to nearly 4 meters above ground. The nest is a bulky cup made of twigs, stems, grasses, and hair. The female incubates the nest of 2 to 4 eggs alone for 11 days. Eggs are laid from March through September. They are pale bluish white with some brownish flecks concentrated on the larger end.

Calls and Songs

The call consists of a single-note seet, and the song consists of a long repeating series ended with a trill.