The Buff-bellied Pipit or American Pipit has lightly streaked grey-brown upperparts and is diffusely streaked below on the buff breast and flanks. The belly is whitish, the bill and legs are dark. It is a small song bird. The Japanese Pipit is darker above and has bolder black streaking on its whiter underparts; its legs have a reddish hue.

Habitat and Distribution

The Buff-bellied Pipit winters on the Pacific coast of North America, and on the Atlantic coast from the southern North America to Central America.It is now a wide spread migrant in northern Ohio, found between March and May and from late September to November.The breeding habitat of Buff-bellied Pipit is tundra, but outside the breeding season it is found in open lightly vegetated areas.


This species is insectivorous eating mainly arthropods.


Breeding occurs during snowmelt( April to May). The nest is built on the ground in dry or wet meadows and never placed in shrubs or trees. Generally, clutch size is 5 eggs and eggs are incubated for 13-14 days.

Calls and Songs

The call is a squeaky sip.