The bird is bright reddish-brown above with thin, dark streaks on its buffy underparts.It has a whitish-colored chest with teardrop-shaped markings on its chest. Its long, rufous tail is rounded with paler corners, and eyes are a brilliant yellow. Its bill curves downward. Both sexes are similar in appearance with the juveline included, except for plumage texture, indiscreet upper part markings, and the irises having an olive color. Adults measure 23.5 to 30.5 cm (9.3 to 12.0 in) long with a wingspan of 29 to 33 cm (11 to 13 in), and average mass of 68g.

Habitat and Distribution

When it does migrate, the Brown Thrasher does so during the night and for short distances. Its breeding range includes the United States and Canada East of the Rocky Mountains. It has also been spotted West of the Rockies. Birds located in the east of the Mississippi winter from Arkansas to Georgia, while those in the Dakotas and central Canadian provinces leave towards Texas and Louisiana.


This bird is omnivorous, which has a diet that includes insects, berries, nuts and seeds, as well as earthworms, snails, and sometimes lizards and frogs.It utilises its vision while scouring for food.


The female lays 3 to 5 eggs, that appear with a blueish or greenish tint along with reddish-brown spots. . The nests are typically built in a dense shrub or low in a tree, usually up to 2.1 m. Between eleven days to two weeks, the eggs hatch.

Calls and Songs

The Brown Thrasher, makes smack and teeeooo like alarms when provoked, hijjjj sounds at dust and dawn. Other calls may consist of an acute , sudden chakk, rrrrr, a Tcheh sound.