The Black-capped Chickadee has a black cap and bib with white sides to the face. Its underparts are white with rusty brown on the flanks. Its back is gray and the tail is normally slate-gray. The bird has short rounded wings 63.5 to 67.5 mm (2.50 to 2.66 in), a long tail and body mass is 9-14g. Sexes look alike, but males are slightly larger and longer than females.


Habitat and Distribution

This bird is found from coast to coast, of the northern United States , to James Bay, the southern edge of Northwest Territories and Yukon, and the southern half of Alaska. In winter it may wander outside this range, both to the north and south. Its preferred habitat is deciduous or mixed woods. It is also found in open woods, parks, and suburban areas.


Feeding

In summer they eat insects(especially caterpillars). Seeds, berries are for winter. The birds hover, hop along tree branches or make short flights to catch flying insects. Bird feeders provide black oil sunflower seeds.


Breeding

The Black-capped Chickadee nests in a hole in a tree, 1 to 7 m above ground. Nesting season is from April to June, eggs are white with fine reddish brown dots at the larger end. ). Clutch size is 6 to 8 eggs. Incubation lasts 11 to 14 days.


Calls and Songs

Their song is a simple, clear whistle of two identical notes, the first roughly a whole-step above the second. The call is the chick-a-dee-dee-dee.