The American Redstart is a smallish warbler. It measures 11 to 14 cm (4.3 to 5.5 in) in length, has a wingspan of 16 to 23 cm (6.3 to 9.1 in) and weighs 6.7 to 12 g .The breeding males are jet black above and have large orange-red patches on their wings and tails. Breast sides are orange, while underparts are colored white. In their other plumages, American Redstarts display green in their upperparts, along with black central tails and grey heads. In females and young birds the orange patches are replaced with yellow.


Habitat and Distribution

These birds are migratory, wintering in Central America, the West Indies, and northern South America .The warbler inhabits open-canopy, mostly deciduous forests, in the United States and southern Canada during breeding.


Feeding

Redstarts feed on insects caught by flycatching. The diet consists caterpillars, moths, flies, leafhoppers and planthoppers, small wasps, beetles, aphids and spiders, few berries and seeds.


Breeding

The breeding habitats of the redstarts are open woodlands or scrub, often located near water. They nest in the lower part of a bush, laying 2-5 eggs in a neat cup-shaped nest. Incubation is done by the female for 10 to 13 days.


Calls and Songs

Their call is a soft chip.