The American Robin is 23 to 28 cm (9.1 to 11 in) long with a wingspan of 31 to 41 cm (12 to 16 in),and similar size ranges across all races. Averaging about 77 g , the wing chord is 11.5 to 14.5 cm (4.5 to 5.7 in).The head varies from jet black to grey, its eye arcs and supercilia are white as well as the throat , with black streaks. The belly and undertail are white. The Robin has a brown back and a reddish-orange breast, varying from red maroon to peachy orange.The bill is mainly yellow with a dark tip and the feet are brown. The female tends is duller than the male, with a brown tint to the head, brown upperparts and less bright underparts.
Habitat and Distribution
The bird breeds in North America, from Alaska and Canada southward to northern Florida and Mexico. However, most migrate to winter south of Canada from Florida and the Gulf Coast to central Mexico, and along the Pacific Coast.Most depart south by the end of August and begin to return north around February and March.
Their diet consists of mainly fruits and invertebrates such as earthworms, beetles etc. It forages on the ground for soft bodied invertebrates and finds worms by sight.
Breeding begins shortly after returning to the summer range. The American Robin lays , having 2 to 3 broods per season. The nest is located 1.5 to 4.5 m above the ground in a dense bush or in a fork between two tree branches, built by the female alone. Eggs hatch after 14 days.
Calls and Songs
The male American Robin has a complex and almost continuous song. Its song can be described as a cheerily carol.