Adults have olive-brown upperparts, browner on the wings and tail, with whitish underparts; they have a white eye ring, white wing bars, a small bill and a short tail. The breast is washed with olive-grey. The upper part of the bill is grey; the lower part is orangish.

Habitat and Distribution

Their breeding habitat is deciduous thickets, often alders or willows, near water across Canada, Alaska and the northeastern United States. These birds migrate to South America, usually selecting winter habitat near water.


They wait on a perch near the top of a shrub and fly out to catch insects in flight, also sometimes picking insects from foliage while hovering. They may eat some berries and seeds.


They make a cup nest low in a vertical fork in a shrub.

Calls and Songs

This bird's song is a wheezed ree-BEE-a. The call is a quick preet.