The adult Acorn Woodpecker has a brownish-black head, back, wings and tail, white forehead, throat, belly and rump. The eyes are white. There is a small part on the small of their backs were there are some green feathers. The adult male has a red cap starting at the forehead, whereas females have a black area between the forehead and the cap. The white neck, throat, and forehead patches are distinctive identifiers.

Habitat and Distribution

The acorn woodpecker is range extends from western United States, through Central America down south to Colombia.


Acorn woodpeckers, as their name implies, depend heavily on acorns for food.


Acorn Woodpeckers breed from May to July. The nest is excavated in a large tree. Females typically lay 5 eggs that are incubated for 11 to 14 days. Male and females both incubate and tend to their young. The young leave the nest and take their first flight at approximately 30 to 32 days.

Calls and Songs

Acorn Woodpeckers have a call that is almost like they are laughing.